Pumpkins, Fire Pits and Unicorns: A Renaissance Bible and Its Symbols

When the Duke of Modena, Borso d’Este, commissioned a lavish, two-volume bible to be illuminated by the best artists of his age, he had a specific political purpose in mind.

On the history of Illuminated Manuscripts and their Facsimiles

Detail of the Codex Aureus of Echternach

The Golden Word

With its 60 pages of illuminated art, and over 500 initials, the Codex Aureus of Echternach is a true gem of the Ottonian era. This Alumina article unveils its history.

Detail of the Codex Manesse

The Discovery of Love

Music is ethereal, but manuscripts go down in history. Volumes such as the Codex Manesse have preserved the texts of thousands of Medieval courtly songs. Find out more in today's Alumina article!

Detail of the Apocalypsis Johannis

Apocalypsis Johannis: A Renaissance Comic Book?

The events described in the Book of Revelation cannot be compared to the adventures of Superman, but clerics at the end of the 1400s had surely found a way to make sacred Christian writings appealing to a very wide audience.

Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel

A Beacon of Culture

If you are a book lover, you cannot miss this Alumina article about the Herzog August Bibliothek in Wolfenbüttel, whose vast collection has remained untouched for over four hundred years.

Detail of the Stammheim Missal

A Forever-Shining Gem of the German Romanesque Period

After eight and a half centuries this liturgical book, profusely decorated with shimmering gold and silver, is almost untouched by time. A new facsimile edition by Quaternio Verlag Luzern takes us closer to the perfection of its Romanesque illuminations.

The Jewel of Renaissance Lombardy

Did you know that the illuminator of this precious book of hours helped Leonardo da Vinci paint the Virgin of the Rocks? Find out more in today's Alumina article!

Under Dürer’s star

A fan of German book illumination? Don't miss this Alumina article about Nikolaus Glockendon, one of the foremost artists of his time.

Detail of the Divina Commedia Strozzi 152

A Journey Through the Underworld in Forty-nine Illuminations

Not only does this splendidly decorated manuscript contain forty-nine illuminations created under the guidance of Pacino di Bonaguida. It also features commentaries by illustrious contemporary intellectuals, among which is a poem attributed to Boccaccio.

Self portrait of Leonardo da Vinci

The Renaissance of Leonardo, Five Hundred Years Later

If you are a Leonardo enthusiast, 2019 is the perfect year to unravel the mysteries surrounding his genius. To mark the 500th anniversary since his death, museums and venues all over the world are celebrating his work with dozens of events and exhibitions. Here is a selection of our favorites.