Milan, Archivio Storico Civico e Biblioteca Trivulziana del Castello Sforzesco, Cod. Triv. B 809

Flora Sinensis Facsimile Edition

Our price

More Buying Choices

Request Info

The journeys to China of the Jesuite priest Michał Piotr Boym (1612-1659) in the middle of the 17th century are of great interest for understanding early contact between China and the West.

A detailed description of Chinese nature

Boym’s Flora Sinensis, published in Vienna in 1656, as well as his Cafraria, and his Atlas of China with its travel notes that remain unpublished in the Vatican Library, are especially interesting from a botanical point of view. Flora Sinensis is not a typical “Flora” in the modern botanical sense. Modern “Floras” include a complete list and description of the plants of a specified region, whereas Boym’s work is a selection of plants that attracted his interests, with a focus on fruits and plants of medicinal value.

In Flora Sinensis Boym describes 22 species, all of which are illustrated except for two palms: the areca palm and the coconut. Some of the plants that Boym described, for example black pepper, were familiar in Europe in his time, even if as a luxury item they were not readily available. Others, for example lychee, were less familiar but had been described by earlier Jesuit missionaries to China. Nevertheless, Boym’s work became an important source for early accounts of Chinese plants, because he added new and detailed observations as well as striking colored illustrations.

Fruits and spices from the East

Flora Sinensis lists mainly fruits but also spices such as cinnamon, ginger, and pepper, all of which had long been known in Europe, including for their medicinal properties. Notably absent in Flora Sinensis are cereals such as rice or other starchy staples like yams or sweet potatoes. There is also no focus on fiber or dye plants, even though these were of great commercial interest at the time. A significant aspect of Boym’s work from a botanical point of view is that the descriptions are relatively detailed for their time. They vary in length, but some contain information on the shape of the plants, their geographic distribution, cultivation, medicinal properties, fruiting times, and other features.

Boym arrived in China in 1644. By this time trade had been underway between South East and East Asia and around the Indian Ocean for millennia. Europeans were also well aware of China through the writings of Marco Polo and activities of traders travelling the Silk Road. Since antiquity, there had also been important and well-established trade routes from South Asia into the Mediterranean Basin —plants had been moved along these routes for centuries.

Binding description

Moulded cardboard binding not coeval with the original document.

We have 1 facsimile edition of the manuscript "Flora Sinensis": Flora Sinensis facsimile edition, published by Aboca Museum, 2019

Request Info / Price
Please Read
International social justice movements and the debates that ensued prompted us to start considering the contents of our website from a critical point of view. This has led us to acknowledge that most of the texts in our database are Western-centered. We have asked the authors of our content to be aware of the underlying racial and cultural bias in many scholarly sources, and to try to keep in mind multiple points of view while describing the manuscripts. We also recognize that this is yet a small, first step towards fighting inequality.

If you notice any trace of racist or unjust narratives in our communications, please help us be part of the change by letting us know.

Flora Sinensis

Sansepolcro: Aboca Museum, 2019

  • Commentary (English) by Contin, Duilio; Tomasi Tongiorgi, Lucia; Fiorentini, Isabella; Surdich, Francesco; Crane, Peter; Tongiorgi, Paolo; Magnani, Arianna
  • Limited Edition: Not limited
  • Full-size color reproduction of the entire original document, Flora Sinensis: the facsimile attempts to replicate the look-and-feel and physical features of the original document; pages are trimmed according to the original format; the binding might not be consistent with the current document binding.

The commentary volume is available both in Italian and in English.


Red linen binding with floral pattern.

Our Price

More Buying Choices

Request Info