The Atlas de las Costas de España de Pedro Texeira is a great luxury documental and artistic work, which belongs to one of the greatest genius of the art of cartography. The Atlas de Pedro Texeira, as it is usually called, stands and will stand out for a long time as one of the most original, detailed and rigorous contributions to the Spanish cartography science. From the 15th and 16th centuries on, Ptolemy is not only rediscovered, but he is superseded.
The power of cartography
The cartography acquires a vital importance and the arts related to it experienced a splendour time. It is as well the period when the maps revealed not only important knowledge and geographic discoveries, but also they become a real source of power and territorial control. That is the reason why in many occasions, some shipping or land expeditions were carried out under the strictest secret.
The origin of the superb work of Texeira is in a royal assignment ordering an elaboration of a detailed report of the state of the peninsular coast with its main geographic and defensive features. Texeira is put in charge of a quite large expedition equipped with all kind of instruments.