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"Atlas Coelestis In quo Mundus Spectabilis” by Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr (1677-1750) published by the publishing house of Johann Homann in Nuremberg in 1742.

The publishing house

Johann Baptist Homann (1664-1724), a former monk of the Dominican Order in Oberkammlach in Swabia, in 1688 he settled in Nuremburg and became a map engraver for the publishing houses of Jacob von Sandrart and David Funck. In 1702 Homann founded an influential cartographic publishing house which he run until the end of his days.

His work was continued by his son, Johann Christoph Homann (1703-1730), and following his death by his friend Michael Franz (1700-1761) and Johann Georg Ebersberger (1695-1760). under the name “Homnnische Erben”. The publishing house, under different names, remained in business until 1848.

The author

The author himself – J.G. Doppelmayr was a German mathematician, astronomer, cartographer, professor of mathematics and astronomy at the Aegidien-Gymnasium from 1704 until his death.He was also famous as a researcher and expert in clocks, especially sundials.

Doppelmayr died on 1 December 1750 in Nuremberg. Some sources claim that his death was caused by a powerful electric shock he received shortly before, while experimenting with a battery of electric capacitors. The crater Doppelmayer on the Moon was named after him, just as minor planet 12622 is also named in his honour.

History

The atlas is featured in the collection of the Library of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun (catalogue number A-640-V).  It contains 32 maps of the sky drafted by the author based on the studies of earlier astronomers: Claudius Ptolemy (100-168), Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), Johannes Kepler (1571-1630), Tycho Brahe (1546-1601). All these personalities were commemorated on the bastard-title page and captured in their characteristic poses with measurement instruments. In his work the author gathered the results of his life searches and passions

The copperplates were impressed on smooth cotton paper which was additionally hand-colored. The last two maps were added to the copy six years later and present the position of the Sun and Earth as at 25 July 1748.

Binding description

Bound in calfskin, incrusted with a goatskin gusset with the title and name of the author gilded.

We have 1 facsimile edition of the manuscript "Atlas Coelestis": Atlas Coelestis facsimile edition, published by Orbis Pictus, 2011


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